In The Express of November 28, 1966In the calves of Jazy
A player, also a doctor, was kind enough to ask me explanations about this sentence that I've written somewhere : "...The sport, the source of all the mental illnesses, without exception". My correspondent continues : "I have too often stigmatized as a doctor, the harmfulness of the sport as it is the practice to not approve your point of view. However, I would like to have more than a sentence on this particular point". Letter, providential, since, specifically, this week, the sociological investigation of Mr. Jean Meynaud, Politics and Sports, gives me the opportunity to propose that the phrases complementary in question.
The mental illnesses that are known (manic-depression athletes, paranoia fans, semi-schizoid leaders) was added to the collective trance of the public up to the murderous madness. This madness is not only exercised against losing players, opponents, winners, referees supposed to be biased, the service order (always "powerless") : it lasts longer after competitions. I had the opportunity to chat this week (second chance angel) with two directors of insurance companies, who have told me that road accidents were more numerous on our territory in the aftermath of big wins French sports than the other days. Let us rejoice, therefore, that these big wins are events extremely rare.
Meynaud examines the influence of sport on politics and vice versa. There is in our time, at the same time that insufficient progress of the democratisation of sports, which should be first in school and post-school, an increasing control of the policy on sport.
According to the legal official olympic, the sport is in principle apolitical, while having beneficial effects on civility. It should be noted, however, that the influence supposed to be exercised more often in favour of the spirit of authoritarian rule. Gymnastics has always been the redemption of the country on their way to recovery. It is by Vichy was created, and a commissioner for Sports, who was mostly used as to infuse the spirit of the national Revolution to the youth. Mr. Herzog, in a lecture given in 1963, insisted on the relationships between "logic" existing between gaullism and the youth, assigning the task, the young people, going, through sports, to the future, far from any ideology.
The coaching tends to be more or less right-handed and, conversely, a sport organization, leftist, such as the Sports Federation Athletic Socialist, whose creation dates back to 1908, has almost constantly suffered the worst affronts on the part of public authorities.
The States embrigadent athletes, success in the service of nationalism and, through nationalism, in the service of the political parties dominant. In the calves of Jazy, that's all the U. N. R. who was running. It is no coincidence that general de Gaulle has congratulated the French team of ski and swimming more rapidly, more openly, more warmly than he has congratulated the Nobel prizes in medicine and physics, last year and this year.* This is normal, because a French victory in the rugby in the Tournament of the Five Nations against Wales last year, had brought more joy to the heart of our people that has made a double Nobel.
The identification of the strength sports at the national strength is seated in our heads with blows of the hammer by the popular press and television. It is obvious to any statesman ambitious and, let us remember that Mussolini forced his ministers to jump through hoops to the top of the bonfires burning in front of the cameras of the News film. Consequently, the organization of the Olympic Games global has a value of promotion policy for the country in which this costly honour falls.
Thus, before the war, the fact that the Xi Olympiad was held in Germany, was unanimously interpreted and felt as an admission of the Third Reich, the number of companies respectable, as well as the reports that Mr Meynaud in his book. In the same way, after the war, the authorization granted to the federal republic of Germany to participate in the Games of Helsinki, in 1950, was understood as the clearance of the Germans in general and a kind of absolution of their nazi past.
But it would be unrealistic to imagine, as much as the sport promotes solidarity between peoples. Far from being a factor of international understanding, it heightens irritability and conflict, to the point that the public becomes almost impossible to enjoy the performances of athletes for their beauty and the quality of the game, destroyed that it is in its perceptive faculties by the obsession of the victory or the defeat of his national team.
the Whole question is whether these strokes gregarious use or not of derivatives interest policy. One could read in the Corriere della sera of July 15, 1965, that the Tour de France in 1965 had rendered a great service to charles de Gaulle, allowing him to attack the common Market without arousing the opposition of the French, the latter being much too busy with the duel Gimondi-Poulidor to have the taste to take care of Europe.
It is permissible to suggest that the modern sport is the meeting ground of a de-politicisation-increasing the level of the popular masses, and an increasing politicization at the level of States, political parties, diplomacy, using as weapons of prestige, moreover, impartially, sports and art exhibitions.
Sport and Politics, by Jean Meynaud. Payot, 320 pages, 16 Francs.
* [NOTE : in 1965 , the French Jacques Monod, François Jacob and André Lwoff shared the Nobel prize in medicine ; and in 1965, the Nobel prize physics was awarded to the French Alfred Kastler]
Cover of L'express n° 806, 28 November 1966 (Franz Joseph Strauss).
Read our complete file1957 - Mr. Flaubert, by Henri Guillemin Jean-François Revel, November 4, 1968 : it is normal that at 5 years The Express of November 4, 1968 : ETA, the Cuba basque
Archive, as chosen by the Documentation of the Express
Publish Date : 06 Kasım 2018 Salı 14:40
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